We all love to start our day with a cup of freshly brewed tea to satiate our senses and bring us out from our midnight stupor. While, a morning cup of tea is indeed refreshing, chugging tea has a lot of health benefits as well. A catalyst in helping cure cancer, heart disease, and diabetes, tea also encourages weight loss; lowers cholesterol; and is sometimes considered to be a boon in bringing about mental alertness. While the term tea can be used for a lot of infusions, but connoisseurs and purists will tell you that only Green, Black, White and Oolong are the pure varieties.
What is Black Tea?
All types of tea are made from the leaves of the plant Camellia sinensis. Black tea is the type of tea, which is served without milk. The level of oxidation gives it the unique color and flavor, which ranges from amber to dark brown and savory to sweet. It is more oxidized than oolong, green, and white teas, and is generally stronger in flavor than the other less oxidized teas, because black tea leaves are fermented before the final heating process.
What makes black tea different from green tea is that during the production process, the tea leaves are allowed to fully oxidize before they are heat-processed and dried. During oxidation, oxygen interacts with the tea plant’s cell walls to turn the leaves the rich dark brown to black color that black tea leaves are famous for. Oxidation alters the flavor profile of a black tea as well, helping add malty, fruity or even smoky notes, depending on the tea. Less oxidation means a green tea is typically lighter in color and flavor than black tea, with more vegetal, grassy or seaweed notes, depending on the tea. Black teas are typically produced using one of the two methods mentioned below:
Orthodox: A more time consuming method of production, in this process, the tea leaves remain whole or only partially broken during processing. The tea leaves are plucked from the garden, withered to reduce moisture, rolled in a variety of ways to bruise the leaves and start oxidation. The tea is oxidized to create color and flavor, and then fried to apply the heat that stops oxidation, after which it is graded for quality.
Withering → 1st Rolling → Oxidizing/Fermenting → Drying (110°C/65°C)
Non-Orthodox or CTC (Crush-Tear-Curl): In this sped-up version of the production process, the tea leaves are cut into fine pieces. The smaller pieces of leaves are oxidized quickly, producing a one-dimensional, consistent, strong and bold black tea. The cut pieces also easily fit into commercial tea bags, which are more popular with end consumers than loose leaf tea.
Withering → Cutting/Tearing/Curling → Oxidizing/Fermenting → Drying (130°C/90°C)
Is Black tea good for your digestive system?
In addition to improving your immune system, tannins (a type of water-soluble polyphenol found in plants) also have a therapeutic effect on gastric and intestinal illnesses and also help decrease digestive activity. Drinking black tea also helps to prevent diarrhea and digestive problems
Is Black tea good for your teeth?
Black tea reduces plaque formation as well as restricts bacteria growth that promotes the formation of cavities and tooth decays. Polyphenols found in black tea kill and surpass cavity-causing bacteria as well as hinder the growth of bacterial enzymes that form the sticky-like material that binds plaque to our teeth.
What is Black tea good for?
Black tea has some impressive health benefits which include its ability to boost heart health, lower stress, reduce high cholesterol, improve oral health, boost bone health, increase alertness,. It also improves blood circulation, treats high blood pressure, and reduces asthma.
How many cups of Black tea should you drink a day?
It is seen that individuals who consume 3 or more cups of tea have a 21% lower risk of a stroke than people who consume less than 1 cup of black tea a day. It has also been found that people who had been consuming black tea on a long-term basis, and on a moderate level (i.e 1-2 cups a day) had a 70% lower chance of having or developing type 2 diabetes.
Black tea origins
Black tea is one of the most beloved drinks or beverages in the world, and almost 80% of humans consume it. It is grown and processed all over the world in varying geographies and climates. Three of the largest producers of black tea today are India, Sri Lanka and Africa. In fact, half of the world’s tea production comes from India. It is one of the most popular teas and is well-known for its antibacterial and antioxidant qualities.
Camellia sinensis assamica, a tea plant which was discovered in 1823 in the Assam region of India, is much better suited to the production of the hearty, bold black teas. By 1835, the English started planting tea gardens in India’s Darjeeling region, near Nepal. Since India was a British colony, these different varieties of black teas quickly became popular exports to England.
India’s Assam region is the largest tea-growing region in the world. The rainy, tropical climate produces a tea known for its bold and malty characteristics that stand up well to milk and sugar. Camellia sinensis assamica is a larger-leafed varietal of the tea plant that is typically used to produce black tea. Originating in the Assam district of India, it grows in warm, moist climates and is prolific in sub-tropical forests.
Grown in a smaller, mountainous tea-producing region of India, the Darjeeling variant is a softer, more herbaceous black tea that can change season to season with the climate. The Darjeeling Black tea is often used as the tea base for India’s popular spiced beverage, Chai.
Generally, black tea is stronger, bolder and richer than other teas. A brewed black tea can range in color from amber to red to dark brown, and its flavor profile can range from savory to sweet, depending on how long it was oxidized and how it was processed. Black tea typically has more astringency and bitterness than green tea, but if brewed correctly it should be smooth and flavorful.
Some common traits used to describe the overall flavor profile of the black tea category include malty, smoky, brisk, earthy, spiced, nutty, metallic, citrus, caramel, leather, fruity, sweet and honey.
Caffeine content in Black tea
Between coffee, black tea and green tea, coffee generally has the most caffeine content per cup, followed by black tea, and then green tea. But, like any beverage brewed from a caffeinated plant, there are a lot of factors that can determine caffeine levels present in your cup of black tea, including how the plant was processed and how the beverage was brewed.
Black tea has 5.25 mg of caffeine per fluid ounce.
Nutritional facts of Black Tea
It is rich in antioxidants known as polyphenols and catechins. Its oxidation capacity is more than oolong, white, and green teas. The compounds found in it, namely theaflavins and thearubigins, are positively loaded with health benefits, in addition to giving the tea its dark color and unique flavor. The unsweetened tea has few or no calories and has minimal sodium, proteins, and carbohydrates. Black tea is strong, bolder, and more oxidized, and thus more beneficial than oolong, white or green tea.
Is drinking black tea good for you?
When it comes to herbal tea, green tea or black tea, different things suit different people and a doctor’s recommendation should never be overlooked, but for most of us, indulging in a cup or two of black tea might in fact be a healthy life choice. Black tea contains polyphenols, which are also antioxidants that help block DNA damage associated with tobacco or other toxic chemicals. These antioxidants are different from those obtained from fruits and vegetables and therefore as a regular part of our diet they can provide additional benefits towards a healthy lifestyle.
When people talk generally of tea in Western culture, they’re often referring to black tea. Sun tea, sweet tea, iced tea, afternoon tea…these well-known categories of tea are typically made using black tea. Even the popular English Breakfast and Earl Grey blends are made from black tea leaves. This is in contrast to Eastern culture, where, in countries like China and Japan tea typically refers to green tea. So what’s the difference between black and green tea? And how did black tea become so popular in the West?
While green tea usually loses its flavor within a year, black tea retains its flavor for several years. For this reason, it has long been an article of trade, and compressed bricks of black tea were even served as a form of de facto currency in Mongolia, Tibet and Siberia into the 19th century. Although green tea has recently seen a revival due to its purported health benefits, black tea still accounts for over ninety percent of all tea sold worldwide.
So, don’t’ wait!
Get your hands on a cup of this nutritious beverage right away. Place your orders through Zaira Tea’s online tea store, and get your tea delivered right to your doorstep. Not just that, they guarantee same day dispatch and ship worldwide.
Choose from a wide range of exotic flavors like Litchi, Earl Grey, Rose Mint, Chilli, Orange Peppermint and Indian Masala Chai.